Among the thousands of information provided by the mass media, there is no shortage of information recently concerning fitness and the psycho-physical well-being.
Why Training is important?
Several newspapers dedicate pages to fitness, and several TV shows do the same thing.
The English dictionary defines the word fitness as: “good health“. If you talk to a fitness professional, he will say that fitness is a set of psycho-physical characteristics that, if present in an individual, make him or her in a fit state of physical and mental fitness.
Where does the word fitness come from, and who invented it? The manufacturers of gym equipment compete for the coining of the term and thus become precursors of philosophies of life in the name of well-being, for obvious advertising purposes.
In 1978 in Alma-Ata in Russia at the International Conference on Primary Care in 1978 it was said “… that health, is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not simply the absence of disease or infirmity, is a fundamental human right and reaffirms that the attainment of the highest level of health is an important social achievement throughout the world, the achievement of which requires the contribution of many other economic and social sectors besides health care…”.
Over time, many people have made the term merged and corresponded to specific characteristics.
Speaking of fitness, we have to consider two terms: the first concerns all those psycho-physical characteristics that together offer a picture of good health:
- Not excessive body weight
- Well balanced body composition (fat mass and lean mass)
- Healthy and balanced diet
- Do not smoke
- Do not drink alcohol and use drugs
- Do not abuse medicines
- Regular blood tests
- Low level of stress
- Cardio-respiratory system in good condition
- Absence of important pathologies at the level of the major body apparatuses
The second way, in which we can talk about fitness, concerns the practical part, i.e. all those conditional and coordinating skills that, if well developed and trained, lead the subject to a state of increasing well-being. The features you’re talking about are:
- Come on
- Articular mobility
All the elements we have listed, are equally important if you want to achieve a good level of health, avoiding the onset of multiple diseases and if you want to have a good psychological balance, important to have good relationships with the people around us and to be at peace with yourself.
From the beginning, it is necessary to clarify the fact that fitness is not just a matter for super men, endowed with whom knows what physical powers. Do not confuse being well, with those who seek the maximum development of muscle mass and therefore do physical culture or body building and not fitness! Anyone can practice a healthy and balanced physical activity, from the child to the elderly person, and enjoy it.
So let’s start from the concept that doing fitness means constantly practicing a series of physical exercises and having a healthy and balanced standard of living.
The physical activity that falls under the name of fitness, you can practice it using free body exercises both to tone up and to increase joint mobility (stretching), you can use small tools such as dumbbells, elastics, ankle braces and others of luck as water bottles full of sand or water to weigh them down. It will then be possible to use equipment specific to the sector that can be cardiovascular training machines or muscle toning machines.
With this equipment, you can then perform various types of training, from slimming to toning.
Who’s fit for training?
If we want to follow what said at Alma-Ata, we could dismiss the speech by telling everyone from 0 to 100 years, knowing that by practicing physical activity the prospects of life increase, so the barrier of 100 could move further.
The categories that can practice fitness we have said that they belong to all ages and all the various physical conditions and can be divided into various subgroups each of which has particular needs and cares.
SEDENTARIES: in this category we group together all those people who for work or other reasons, make a static life, dedicating little or nothing of their time to sports.
When they practice a physical activity, in this case fitness, they are the beginners of the sector and have the advantage of having the best induced by training as they go from a non fitness condition to a fitness condition and being on average their starting point low, they already immediately improve.
The disadvantages are because they do not yet know how to move well and may incur trauma and that it does not follow the immediate benefits in the brief term by as many physical results, a cause that leads to abandonment of the activity.
The goal achieved is to have moved inactive people, the one to achieve to make them become constant in moving.
MEDIUM AND HIGH LEVEL SPORTS: this category, which depending on the level presents an already enviable physical fitness, approaches fitness to improve the conditional abilities that their training cannot develop well, as a diversion to their workouts, then to relieve the stress from training, to recover any trauma that have been created, to rebalance the posture and muscle imbalances that certain asymmetric sports create.
JUNIOR: young people can practice fitness only if they respect specific canons, which are correct postures, moderate loads, correct execution of the exercises and multiple stimulus.
We are talking about young people who are growing up and are subject to sudden changes both physically and psychologically, so potentially subject to problems if you run into exaggerated training.
The best methods for juniors are circuit training, because it is varied, fun and they stimulate all the systems of our body.
ELDERLY PEOPLE: this is a category that has recently entered the world of fitness, for obvious cultural and social reasons and because the same sector is not yet well prepared for this target group of users.
If you are not in the presence of major degenerative diseases, seniors will have as a reward from the practice of fitness, a whole series of physical benefits that will slow down the aging process and even in some cases reverse the trends.
Regular physical activity also brings considerable benefits to the mood, and for these people it can be a time for meeting and socialising.
SUBJECTS WITH MISCELLANEOUS PATHOLOGIES: asthmatics, diabetics, hypertension, osteoporotic, heart patients, depressed people, after medical consultation and under the eyes of valid professionals can, or rather must practice fitness, because for them it represents a way to feel better on a physical level and to feel less different from healthy people who move and have fun exercising.
Intensity and modalities will differ from the traditional canons of training, but it is also clear that fitness is an indispensable “medicine” to feel good.
A reason to practice healthy and continuous physical activity is the fact that our ancestors, of whom we still have genetic memories, were born athletes. Walking, running, climbing, throwing, swimming and many other activities have been the order of the day for years and years, until progress with all the comforts it has brought, made man become a sedentary being, with all the health problems that this entails.
Obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and muscular hypotonia are the consequences that associated with top levels of stress, are the fruits of progress and sedentariness and among the major causes of deaths in industrialised countries.
This is already a good reason to move, fight the problems of being inactive.
Workout means to set in motion all the structures and apparatus of the human body.
- BLOOD PRESSURE
- CHOLESTEROL AND FATTY ACIDS
- BODY COMPOSITION
- SELF ESTEEM
Now that you know why it’s important to train, read our article on how to build a better core.